To develop and incorporate interprofessional education (IPE) simulations across the P1-P4 years, and the curricula of medicine, nursing, physician's assistant, nutrition, physical and occupational therapy at the University of Utah Health Sciences Center.
In 2011, teams of Health Sciences faculty were formed to develop IPE simulation scenarios, train faculty as facilitators/debriefers, and coordinate the logistics of student registration, scheduling, and assessment. Simulations were developed for inpatient and outpatient settings. For assessment, students complete a pre-IPE on-line assignment that includes a standardized IP attitude survey (the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale; RIPLS). After the IPE simulation, students complete the RIPLS and provide feedback aimed to improve the quality of the IPE experience.
Development of IPE scenarios was initiated in the summer of 2011, piloted in fall 2011, and implemented in fall 2012 with 275 students and 30-40 faculty. Students and faculty from all Health Sciences programs will have participated by summer 2013. Scenarios will have included counseling of a non-adherent diabetes patient, discharge instructions following knee replacement, and medical error disclosure, and will cover the four IPE domain competencies of Values/Ethics, Teams/Teamwork, Roles/Responsibilities, and Communication. Feedback from students and faculty debriefers has been very positive, post-IPE RIPLS results show improved IP attitudes, and post-IPE feedback has been used to modify and improve the experience.
With adequate resources and infrastructure, IPE experiences can be developed and rapidly implemented across an existing P1-P4 curriculum. Leadership and cooperation are key to development and implementation of a successful campus-wide IPE program.
The University of Utah Health Sciences Center (UUHSC) simulation-based Interprofessional Education (IPE) Initiative was launched in the Spring of 2012 after a series of retreats involving various stakeholders from the four schools and colleges comprising the UUHSC, the School of Medicine, College of Nursing, College of Health, and the College of Pharmacy.
The UUHSC IPE program is based on meeting the four core competency domains for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice:
• Values and Ethics
• Roles and Responsibilities
• Interprofessional Communication
• Teams and Teamwork The initial phase of the IPE program was designed to target students in the following programs:
• Undergraduate and Graduate Nursing
• Occupational Therapy
• Physical Therapy
• Physician Assistant
• Speech –Language Pathology
• Medical Laboratory Sciences